Diabetes Facts

Diabetes in New York State

Fact #1: More than 1.8 million New Yorkers statewide have diabetes.1

Fact #2: 1.1 million have been diagnosed with diabetes (i.e., 7.7% of the population). 2

Fact #3: 730,000 are living with diabetes but don’t know it. 1

Fact #4:An estimated 3.7 million to 4.2 million New Yorkers (at least 25% of the adult population) have pre- diabetes. 3

Fact #5: Diabetes prevalence has doubled since 1994. 4

Diabetes Disparities

Fact #6: All minorities, except Alaska Natives, have a prevalence of type 2 diabetes that is two-to-six times greater than that of the white population. 5

Fact #7: Certain minorities also have higher rates of diabetes-related complications and death, in some instances by as much as 50 percent of the total population. 5

Fact #8: Diabetes is the 3rd leading cause of death among Blacks and 5th among Hispanics. 6

Fact #9: In New York City, 16% of Asians have diabetes, which is the highest rate of diabetes among all racial and ethnic groups. 6

Complications of Diabetes

Fact #10: Diabetes can affect nearly every organ system of the body.3

Fact #11: Diabetes is the leading cause of blindness, end-stage renal disease, lower-limb amputation, and cardiovascular, cerebrovascular, and peripheral vascular diseases. 3

Fact #12: 4,972 lower extremity amputations on average occurred in New York State every year between 1997 and 2004. 2

Fact #13: In 2005, diabetes claimed the lives of 4,065 New Yorkers across the state. 7

Costs of Diabetes

Fact #14: Estimated total cost of diabetes in New York State in 2006 was more than $12 billion. 8

Fact #15: The total cost of excess medical expenses in New York State in 2006 was $8.676 billion. 8

Fact #16: The total cost in lost productivity in New York State in 2006 was $4.188 billion. 8

Fact #17: On average, the annual cost of health care for a person with diabetes is more than five times the cost for those without diabetes—$13,000 vs. $2,500. 9

Lack of Adequate Care for Diabetes

Fact #18: Diabetes patients received only 45% of recommended clinical care using 13 indicators based on national guidelines for screening, diagnosis, treatment and follow-up. 10

Fact #19: In New York State, up to 15% of adults with diabetes did not receive hemoglobin A1c measurement in the previous year. 10

Fact #20:In New York City, more than a third of diabetes patients did not receive a recommended eye or foot exam in the previous year. 11

Diabetes and Amputations

Fact #21: In 2006, there were 4,771 amputations in New York State. 12

Fact #22: The age-adjusted rate of lower-extremity amputation among people with diabetes is approximately 15 times higher than people who do not have diabetes. 13

Fact #23: Several health centers have experienced a 44-85% reduction in the rate of amputations among individuals with diabetes after the implementation of improved foot-care programs.
13

Diabetic Retinopathy

Fact #24: Approximately 40% of all people with diabetes have diabetic retinopathy. An estimated 5% of persons with diabetes have the sight-threatening form of this disease. 14

Fact #25: Diabetes is the leading cause of new cases of legal blindness among adults 20-74 years of age. 15

Fact #26: Annually, 12,000 to 24,000 people lose their sight from diabetic retinopathy in the U.S. 15

Diabetes and Hypertension

Fact #27: In 2003-2004, 75% of adults with self-reported diabetes had blood pressure greater than or equal to 130/89 millimeters of mercury (mm Hg), or used prescriptions for hypertension. 16

Fact #28: The risk of stroke or any cardiovascular event is almost doubled when the hypertensive patient has diabetes. 17

Fact #29: Blood pressure control reduces risk of cardiovascular disease among persons with diabetes by 50% to 323%, and the risk of microvascular complications by approximately by 33%. 18

Diabetes and Heart Disease

Fact #30: In 2004, heart disease was noted on 68% of diabetes-related death certificates among people aged 65 years or older. 19

Fact #31: Adults with diabetes have heart disease death rates 2 to 4 times higher than adults without diabetes. 19

Diabetes and Chronic Kidney Disease

Fact #32: Diabetes is the leading cause of end-stage renal disease, accounting for about 43% of new cases in the U.S. 20

Fact #33: In New York State, 43% of hospitalized chronic kidney disease patients have diabetes. 21

Fact #34: In 2000, approximately 41,046 people with diabetes in the U.S. initiated treatment for end stage renal disease, and 129,183 underwent dialysis or kidney transplantation. 20

 

 

 

 

Sources

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[1] Full Accounting of Diabetes and Pre-Diabetes in the U.S. population in 1988-1994 and 2005-2006, Cowie, C. et al. Diabetes Care, 2008 Feb; 32(2):287-294.

[2] New York State Department of Health Diabetes Prevention and Control Program. (2007). The State of Diabetes in New York State: A Surveillance Report, 1994 – 2004. Retrieved from http://www.health.state.ny.us/statistics/diseases/conditions/diabetes/docs/1997-2004_surveillance_report.pdf.

[3] New York State Department of Health. 2009. New York State Strategic Plan for the Prevention and Control of Diabetes. Retrieved on October 30, 2009 from http://www.health.state.ny.us/diseases/conditions/diabetes/docs/stateplandiabetes.pdf.

[4] New York State Department of Health. 2009. The Diabetes Epidemic. Retrieved on October 30, 2009 from http://www.health.state.ny.us/diseases/conditions/diabetes.

[5] Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality. November 2001. Diabetes Disparities Among Racial and Ethnic Minorities. Retrieved from http://www.ahrq.gov/research/diabdisp.pdf .

[6] New York State Department of Health. 2005. Vital Statistics of New York State. Retrieved from http://www.health.state.ny.us/nysdoh/vital_statistics/2005/table34a.htm.

[7] New York State Department of Health. March 2008. 2004 – 2006 Vital Statistics Data. Retrieved from http://www.health.state.ny.us/statistics/chac/mortality/diabet.htm.

[8] American Diabetes Association. 2009. The Estimated Prevalence and Cost of Diabetes in New York. Retrieved on October 30, 2009 from http://www.diabetes.org/advocacy-and-legalresources/cost-of-diabetes-results.jsp?state=New+York&district=0&DistName=New+York+%28Entire+State%29.

[9] Hogan P, Dall T, Nikolov P (2003). Economic costs of diabetes in the U.S. in 2002. Diabetes Care, 26(3):917-32, cited in http://ahrq.hhs.gov/qual/diabqual/diabqguideref.htm#hogan2003

[10] McGlynn, Elizabeth A., Steven M. Asch, John Adams, Joan Keesey, Jennifer Hicks, Alison DeCriofaro, and Eve A. Kerr. “The Quality of Health Care Delivered to Adults in the United States.” The New England Journal of Medicine 348.26 (2003): 2635-645.

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[11] New York State Department of Health. 2008. Managed Care Plan Performance. Commercial Health Plan Performance.

[12] Healthcare Association of New York State. 2009. Healthcare Advocacy and Data.

[13] Bild, DE, P. Sinnock, WS Browner, P. Braveman, and JA Showstack.”Lower-extremity amputation in people with diabetes. Epidemiology and prevention.” Diabetes Care 12.1 (1989): 24-31.

[14] Lighthouse International. 2009. Causes of Vision Impairment. Diabetic Retinopathy. Retrieved on October 30, 2009 from http://www.lighthouse.org/research/statistics-on-vision-impairment/causes/#diabeticretinopathy.

[15] American Diabetes Association. 2009. Diabetes and Retinopathy (Eye Complications). Retrieved on October 30, 2009 from http://www.diabetes.org/diabetes-statistics/eye-complications.jsp.

[16] Department of Health and Human Services Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. 2007. National Diabetes Fact Sheet.

[17] High Blood Pressure and Diabetes Mellitus, Arch Intern.Med. 2000; 160:2446-2452

[18] Department of Health and Human Services Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. 2007. National Diabetes Fact Sheet.

[19] Center for Disease Control. 2007. National Disease Fact Sheet. Retrieved from www.cdc.gov/diabetes/pubs/pdf/ndfs_2007.pdf.

[20] American Diabetes Association. 2009. Diabetes and Cardiovascular (Heart) Disease. Retrieved on October 30, 2009 from http://www.diabetes.org/diabetes-statistics/heart-disease.jsp.

[21] Island Peer Review Organization. 2009. Chronic Kidney Disease Fast Facts-CMS Data.

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